“The present work focuses on the study of catalytic activi

“The present work focuses on the study of catalytic activity of polystyrene-supported p-toluenesulfonic acid (PS/PTSA) and the synthesis of alpha-aminophosphonates

from the Kabachnik-Fields (KF) reaction under microwave irradiation in solvent-free conditions. Recently, the catalytic activity of PS/PTSA was tested with good yields. This procedure is the simplest, most straightforward, environment friendly method for the synthesis of alpha-aminophosphonates from simple to different substituted aldehyde substrates. Furthermore, this catalyst can be recovered and reused without loss of its catalytic activity.”
“The 16S rRNA sequence analysis and biochemical characteristics Cilengitide concentration were confirmed that the isolated bacterium is Pseudomonas sp. LBC1. The commonly used textile dye, Direct Brown MR has been used to study the fate of biodegradation. Pseudomonas sp. LBC1 showed 90% decolorization of Direct Brown MR (100 mg/L) and textile industry effluent with significant reduction in COD and BOD. The optimum condition for decolorization was 7.0 pH and 40 degrees C. Significant increase in a activity compound screening assay of extracellular laccase suggested their possible involvement in decolorization of Direct Brown MR. Biodegradation metabolites viz. 3,6-dihydroxy benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-7-aminonaphthol-3-sulfonic

acid, and p-dihydroperoxybenzene were identified on the basis of mass spectra and using the 1.10 beta Shimadzu NIST GC-MS library. The Direct Brown MR and textile industry effluent were toxic to Sorghum bicolor and Vigna radiata plants as compared to metabolites obtained after decolorization. The Pseudomonas sp. LBC1 could be useful strain for decolorization and detoxification

of textile dyes as well as textile industry effluent.”
“The 20S proteasome (20S) is an intracellular threonine proteinase (Mr 750,000) that plays important roles in many cellular regulations. Several synthetic peptide inhibitors and bacteria-derived inhibitors such as lactacystin and epoxomicin have been identified as potent proteasome inhibitors. However, essentially no protein proteinase inhibitor has been characterized. By examining several small size protein proteinase inhibitors, we found that selleck compound a well-known serine proteinase inhibitor from bovine pancreas, basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI), inhibits the 20S in vitro and ex vivo. Inhibition of the 20S by BPTI was time- and concentration-dependent, and stoichiometric. To inhibit the 20S activity, BPTI needs to enter into the interior of the 20S molecule. The molar ratio of BPTI to the 20S in the complex was estimated as approximately six BPTI to one 20S, thereby two sets of three peptidase activities (trypsin-like, chymotrypsin-like and caspase-like) of the 20S were all inhibited.

We have previously shown that RAD50 is involved in mitotic nonhom

We have previously shown that RAD50 is involved in mitotic nonhomologous integration but not in homologous integration. However, the role of Rad50 in nonhomologous integration has not previously been examined. In the current work, we report that the rad50a dagger mutation caused a tenfold decrease in the frequency of nonhomologous integration with the majority of nonhomologous integrants showing an unstable Ura(+) phenotype. Sequencing analysis of the integration target sites showed that integration events of both ends of the integrating

vector in the rad50a dagger mutant occurred at different chromosomal locations, resulting in large deletions or translocations on the genomic insertion sites. Interestingly, 47% of events in the rad50a dagger mutant were integrated into repetitive sequences including rDNA locus, HKI-272 manufacturer telomeres and Ty elements and 27% of events were integrated into non-repetitive sequences as compared to 11% of events integrated into rDNA and 70% into non-repetitive sequences in the wild-type cells. These results showed that deletion of RAD50 significantly changes the distribution of different classes of integration events, suggesting that Rad50 is required for nonhomologous integration at non-repetitive

sequences more so than at repetitive ones. Furthermore, Southern analysis indicated that half of the events contained deletions at one or at both ends of the integrating BI 2536 clinical trial DNA fragment, suggesting that Rad50 might have a role in protecting free ends of double-strand breaks. In contrast to the rad50a dagger mutant, the rad50S mutant (separation of

function allele) slightly increases the frequency of nonhomologous integration but the distribution of integration events is similar to that of wild-type cells with the majority of events integrated into a chromosomal locus. Our results suggest that deletion of RAD50 may block the major pathway Proteasome activity of nonhomologous integration into a non-repetitive chromosomal locus and Rad50 may be involved in tethering two ends of the integrating DNA into close proximity that facilitates nonhomologous integration of both ends into a single chromosomal locus.”
“Competition is a major driving force in freshwaters, especially given the cyclic nature and dynamics of pelagic food webs. Competition is especially important in the initial species assortment during colonization and re-colonization events, which depends strongly on the environmental context. Subtle changes, such as saline intrusion, may disrupt competitive relationships and, thus, influence community composition. Bearing this in mind, our objective was to assess whether low salinity levels (using NaCl as a proxy) alter the competitive outcome (measured as the rate of population biomass increase) of Daphnia-Simocephalus experimental microcosms, taking into account interactions with priority effects (sequential species arrival order).

05) Conclusion: The degree of choroidal hypofluorescence in t

05).\n\nConclusion: The degree of choroidal hypofluorescence in the indocyanine green angiogram images 3 months after PDT in the sub-Tenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide and intravitreal injection of bevacizumab BYL719 concentration group was higher than that of PDT-alone group. Sub-Tenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide and intravitreal

injection of bevacizumab can prolong the duration of the choroidal hypofluorescence after PDT. RETINA 30: 495-502, 2010″
“The availability of mineral nutrients in the soil dramatically fluctuates in both time and space. In order to optimize their nutrition, plants need efficient sensing systems that rapidly signal the local external concentrations of the individual nutrients. Until recently, the most upstream actors of the nutrient signalling pathways, i.e. the sensors/receptors that perceive the extracellular nutrients, were unknown. see more In Arabidopsis, increasing evidence suggests that, for nitrate, the main nitrogen source for most plant species, a major sensor is the NRT1.1 nitrate transporter, also contributing to nitrate uptake by the roots. Membrane proteins that fulfil a dual nutrient transport/signalling function have been described in yeast and animals, and are called ‘transceptors’. This review aims to illustrate the nutrient transceptor

concept in plants by presenting the current evidence indicating that NRT1.1 is a representative of this class of protein. The various facets, as well as the mechanisms of nitrate sensing by NRT1.1 are considered, and the possible occurrence of other nitrate transceptors is discussed.”
“Study Design. The kinematic study of human lumbar spinal movements.\n\nObjective. To investigate how disc degeneration and the degeneration of BB-94 cell line facet joint, ligaments, and paraspinal muscles are associated with lumbar segmental mobility.\n\nSummary of Background Data. Previous studies revealed relationship between spinal

motion and osteoarthritic changes of facet joint as well as disc degeneration; however, little is known about the association of disc, facet joint, ligament, and muscle degeneration with lumbar segmental motion characteristics.\n\nMethods. The 1580 lumbar motion segments from 316 patients (200 male, 116 female) underwent Kinetic magnetic resonance imaging, which were used to assess disc degeneration (grade I-V) and facet joint degeneration (grade 1-4), interspinous ligament (ISL) degeneration (grade 1-4), ligamentum flavum hypertrophy (LFH), and fatty degeneration of muscles. Segmental translational and angular motion in the flexion, extension, and neutral postures were digitally automatically measured by MR analyzer.\n\nResults. Grade II (46.77%) disc, grade 1 (48.35%) facet joint degeneration, and grade 1 (64.1%) ISL were most common. LFH was most common in L4-L5 (49/ 330, 14.8%).

Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to assess the lev

Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to assess the levels of trace elements like copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), magnesium (Mg), and selenium (Se) and toxic elements like mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) in the hair and nail samples of autistic children and to evaluate whether the level of these elements could be correlated with the severity of autism. The subjects of the study were Selleck Small molecule library 45 autistic children with different grades of severity (low (LFA), medium (MFA), and high (HFA) functioning autism) according to Childhood Autism Rating Scale, n = 15 children

in each group and 50 healthy children (age and sex matched). The boys and girls ratio involved in this study was 4:1, and they were 4-12 years of age. The study observed a valid indication of Cu body burden in the autistic children. The children with different grades of autism showed high significance (p < 0.001) in the level of copper in their hair and nail samples when compared to healthy controls. The level of Cu in the autistic children could be correlated with their degree of severity (more the Cu burden selleckchem severe is autism). The study showed a significant elevation (p < 0.001) in the levels of toxic metals Pb and Hg in both hair and nail samples of autistic children when compared to healthy control group. The elevation was

much pronounced in LFA group subjects when compared among autistic groups MFA and HFA. The levels of trace elements Mg and Se were significantly decreased (p < 0.001) in autistic children when

compared to control. The trace element Zn showed significant variation in both hair and nails of LFA group children when compared to control group and other study groups. The significant elevation in the concentration of Cu, Pb, and Hg and significant decrease in the concentration of Mg and Se observed in the hair and nail samples of autistic subjects could be well correlated Barasertib with their degrees of severity.”
“Astrocytic glycogen, the only storage form of glucose in the brain, has been shown to play a fundamental role in supporting learning and memory, an effect achieved by providing metabolic support for neurons. We have examined the interplay between glycogenolysis and the bioenergetics of astrocytic Ca2+ homeostasis, by analyzing interdependency of glycogen and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), a mechanism in cellular signaling that maintains high endoplasmatic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ concentration and thus provides the basis for store-dependent Ca2+ signaling. We stimulated SOCE in primary cultures of murine cerebellar and cortical astrocytes, and determined glycogen content to investigate the effects of SOCE on glycogen metabolism. By blocking glycogenolysis, we tested energetic dependency of SOCE-related Ca2+ dynamics on glycogenolytic ATP.

“A comparative study was performed to identify and classif

“A comparative study was performed to identify and classify traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) of the genus Clematis by applying chemometric and numerical methodologies. In the analysis, 12 species representing major TCM plants of TH-302 mouse the genus and belonging to five different sections – Rectae, Clematis, Meclatis, Tubulosae and Viorna – were identified and demarcated on the basis of morphological and

phytochemical characters. In the numerical study (NS), out of 53 selected characters, only 27 phylogenetically informative characters were used for data generation; a phenogram was produced with three distinctive clades. The extent of genetic distances ranged from 0.35 to 0.80. The phytochemical analysis (PA) was conducted using a high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a diode array detector (DAD) and ESI-MS mode. The compound oHuzhangoside GSK3235025 clinical trial Do (HGD) was the most abundant in the analysed species of the genus. The PA of saponins produced a differential matrix based on the presence or absence of chemical characters, which generated

a phenogram. The extent of genetic distances ranged from 0.05 to 0.35 in the phytochemical analysis, with three distinctive clades. Clematis intricata had compounds (HGB, HGD) with GD 0.30, and produced a different pattern of clustering than the previous classification system. The species C. henryi and C. heracleifolia appeared as sister clades having congruent genetic similarity with each other; this

is an innovative combination. The classification results of PA and NS approaches corroborate each other, but the chemical fingerprinting method proved more authentic, quick and reliable for the identification and classification of these plant taxa.”
“Genetic variation and clonal diversity of seven natural populations of the rare, highly clonal marsh herb Sagittaria lichuanensis were investigated using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Of the sixty-five ISSR primers screened, seven produced highly reproducible bands. Using these primers, a total of 76 DNA fragments were generated with 22 (29.0%) being polymorphic, indicating lower genetic variation at the species level compared to others in the same genus. With the use of 22 polymorphic markers, we were able to identify 9 genets Selleckchem Androgen Receptor Antagonist among the 231 samples analyzed. The proportion of distinguishable genets (PD: mean 0.039), Simpson’s diversity index (D: mean 0.309), and evenness (E: mean 0.292) exhibited low levels of clonal diversity compared to other clonal plants. The result implies that sexual reproduction might not have played an important role in these populations. The founder effect or the bottleneck effect could be responsible for the current pattern of the genetic variation revealed in S. lichuanensis populations.”
“Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease. Reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickening is considered feature of airway remodelling (AR) particularly in severe asthma (SA).

Our purpose is to report our experience with transcatheter cryoab

Our purpose is to report our experience with transcatheter cryoablation in three infants selleck screening library with drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia.\n\nWe

reviewed clinical and electrophysiologic data from infants who underwent cryothermal ablation for drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) at our institution.\n\nThree patients (age 10-42 days) underwent transcatheter cryothermal ablation over a 1-year period. None had arrhythmia suppression on medical management, and all had hemodynamic instability from persistent SVT episodes. Cryothermal mapping (-30 C) localized the suspected foci. All foci were adjacent to the AV node. Cryoablation lesions were delivered at and around mapped foci. In one patient, cryothermal energy application eliminated the SVT but resulted in transient right bundle branch block that resolved later. Two patients had hemodynamically insignificant episodes of SVT in the immediate post-ablation period that resolved with standard antiarrhythmic treatment. One died of sepsis but remained SVT free for 10 days after the procedure without antiarrhythmic medications. Neither of the two surviving patients had SVT recurrence at 6-month follow-up

off medications.\n\nIn our series, transcatheter cryoablation was an effective treatment for drug-resistant SVT in infants. We encountered some early nonsustained post-procedure SVT; however, such episodes did not predict procedural failure.”
“Although GSK 4529 the productivity and nitrogen (N)-use traits of mire plants differ dramatically selleck chemicals llc between fens and bogs, soil N richness does not necessarily differ, whereas the soil-water pH is distinctly lower in bogs than in fens. The ecophysiological mechanisms

underlying these relations are unclear. To assess the relative availability of N forms in relation to soil-water pH, we focused on the net N uptake rate per unit root weight (NNUR), glutamine synthetase activity and nitrate reductase activity, and performed reciprocal transplant experiments with the seedlings of fen (Carex lyngbyei) and bog (C. middendorffii) sedge species in intact habitat sites. The soil-water pH was clearly lower at the bog site, but the NH4 (+), NO3 (-) or dissolved organic-N concentrations did not differ between the fen and bog sites. The activity of both enzymes for inorganic-N assimilation did not differ among the sites and species. However, the fen species grown at bog sites showed a drastic decrease in the NNUR, suggesting a suppression of organic-N uptake. The bog species showed no NNUR difference between the sites. These results indicate that inorganic-N availability does not differ between the two habitats, but organic-N availability is lowered in a low-pH bog, particularly in the case of fen species.

We found that microbial community composition (estimated

We found that microbial community composition (estimated

by phospholipid fatty acid analysis), was similar in cryoturbated material and in surrounding subsoil, although carbon and nitrogen contents were similar in cryoturbated material and topsoils. This suggests that the microbial community in cryoturbated material Etomoxir was not well adapted to SOM properties. We also measured three potential enzyme activities (cellobiohydrolase, leucine-amino-peptidase and phenoloxidase) and used structural equation models (SEMs) to identify direct and indirect drivers of the three enzyme activities. The models included microbial community composition, carbon and nitrogen contents, clay content, water content, and pH. Models for regular horizons, excluding cryoturbated material, showed that all enzyme activities were mainly controlled by carbon or nitrogen. Microbial community

composition had no effect. In contrast, models for cryoturbated FRAX597 material showed that enzyme activities were also related to microbial community composition. The additional control of microbial community composition could have restrained enzyme activities and furthermore decomposition in general. The functional decoupling of SOM properties and microbial community composition might thus be one of the reasons for low decomposition rates and the persistence of 400 Gt carbon stored in cryoturbated material.”
“Methods. Using data from the British Society for Rheumatology signaling pathway Biologics Register, a prospective observational study, we compared the risk of SI between 11 798 anti-TNF-treated patients

and 3598 non-biologic DMARD (nbDMARD)-treated patients.\n\nResults. A total of 1808 patients had at least one SI (anti-TNF: 1512; nbDMARD: 296). Incidence rates were: anti-TNF 42/1000 patient-years of follow-up (95% CI 40, 44) and nbDMARD 32/1000 patient-years of follow-up (95% CI 28, 36). The adjusted hazard ratio (adjHR) for SI in the anti-TNF cohort was 1.2 (95% CI 1.1, 1.5). The risk did not differ significantly between the three agents adalimumab, etanercept and infliximab. The risk was highest during the first 6 months of therapy [adjHR 1.8 (95% CI 1.3, 2.6)]. Although increasing age was an independent risk factor for SI in both cohorts, there was no difference in relative risk of infection in patients on anti-TNF therapy in the older population. There was no difference in hospital stay for SI between cohorts. Mortality within 30 days of SI was 50% lower in the anti-TNF cohort [odds ratio 0.5 (95% CI 0.3, 0.8)].\n\nConclusions. These data add to currently available evidence suggesting that anti-TNF therapy is associated with a small but significant overall risk of SI. This must be balanced against the risks associated with poor disease control or alternative treatments.”
“Aim:\n\nTo identify risk factors for asthma in primary school-aged children in New Zealand.

328, r = 0 289, p < 0 05, respectively) As an optimal cutoff

328, r = 0.289, p < 0.05, respectively). As an optimal cutoff point, an SATT of 4.33 mm determined IR with 93.3% sensitivity and 51% specificity.\n\nConclusions: Our study on obese prepubertal children showed that SATT was significantly correlated with age,

BMI, WC, HC, MAC, TSF, insulin, and HOMA-IR.”
“The aim of this study was to examine the effects of perilla AZD8931 nmr oil as well as several vegetable oils, including flaxseed oil, canola oil, and rice bran oil on plasma levels of cardioprotective (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in mice by feeding each vegetable oil for a period of eight weeks. Concentrations of docosapentaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), fish-based (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, showed an increase in the plasma of mice fed perilla and flaxseed oils compared to those of mice in the control group (P< 0.05), whereas rice bran and canola oils did not alter plasma DPA and EPA concentrations. Arachidonic acid concentration was increased by feeding rice bran oil (P< 0.05), but not canola, flaxseed, or perilla oil. In addition, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid concentrations were altered by feeding dietary rice bran, canola, perilla, and flaxseed oils. Findings of this study showed that perilla oil, similar to flaxseed oil, is cardioprotective and could be used as an alternative to fish oil or even flaxseed oil in animal models.”

screening for congenital hypothyroidism has been remarkably effective, although rare cases selleck chemicals of false negative screening have been reported in same sex twins, presumptively due to fetal blood exchange. We report a case in which the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism due to thyroid ectopia in a monozygotic twin was delayed by 8 months, with a normal newborn screening TSH level of HM781-36B in vivo 11 mIU/L blood (normal < 15 mIU/L)

at 2 days of life. This is the first such case since the national New Zealand newborn screening programme introduced screening for congenital hypothyroidism in 1981 (30 years ago). Repeating thyroid studies at 14 days of age in same-sex twins has been advocated to avoid delayed diagnosis, but given the low risk, may not be cost effective. It is important to maintain a high index of suspicion in same-sex twin pregnancies of potential congenital hypothyroidism.”
“Problem Accountable care organizations (ACOs) emphasize cost-effectiveness, rewarding health care systems that provide the highest-quality care delivered by the most cost-efficient providers. Transitioning to an ACO model introduces distinct challenges for specialist physicians within academic health centers. As skin diseases constitute a large number of visits to primary care providers and specialists and place a significant financial burden on the health care system, the authors sought to identify specialist-driven strategies for cost-effective, patient-centered care delivery in dermatology.

Additionally, certain breast cancer biomarkers are fucose-rich wh

Additionally, certain breast cancer biomarkers are fucose-rich while a well-known marker of breast cancer progression, soluble E-selectin, is a known counter-receptor of fucosylated selectin ligands. We provide illustrative examples and supportive evidence drawn from work with human breast

cancer cell lines in vitro as well as clinical studies with human pathologic material. And finally, we discuss evidence that fucose (or its absence) is central to the mechanisms of action of several experimental targeted therapies which may prove useful in breast cancer treatment. We propose that alpha-L-fucose is essential in order to construct first, the malignant and then the metastatic phenotype of many human breast cancers. This knowledge may inform the search Sotrastaurin datasheet for novel treatment approaches in breast cancer.”
“Objective To qualitatively and quantitatively assess the presentation of hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) at diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWMRI) using multiple high b values. Materials and Methods Twenty-five patients with 27 FNHs

had liver DWMRI at 1.5 T using free-breathing acquisition and 3 b values (0, 600, 1000 s/mm(2)). Focal nodular hyperplasias were evaluated qualitatively using visual analysis of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (DWMR) images and quantitatively using conventional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and normalized ADC SHP099 measurements. Results All FNHs (100%) were visible on b(0) DWMR images; 26 of the 27 FNHs (96%), on b(600) DWMR images; and 21 of the 27 FNHs (78%), on b(1000) DWMR images. A total of 18 of the 27 FNHs (67%) exhibited a hyperintense central scar on the b(0) DWMR images that remained visible on the b(600) and b(1000) DWMR images in 6 of the 27 FNHs (22%). Conventional ADC value of FNHs (1.318 x 10(-3) mm(2)/+/- 0.208) was significantly lower than that of adjacent hepatic parenchyma (1.414 x 10(-3) mm(2)/s +/- IPI-145 1.95) (P = 0.0003), although a substantial overlap was

found. The use of normalized ADC using the liver as reference organ resulted in a more restricted distribution of ADC values (variation coefficient, 5.3%). Conclusions Focal nodular hyperplasias show a wide range of morphological features at DWMRI using high b values. Further studies are needed to fully investigate as to what extent normalized ADC may result in better lesion characterization.”
“Atmospheric ozone plays an important role in understanding the processes occurring in the atmosphere and changes in the climate. This article relates to experimental results from balloon-borne research in the stratosphere for the study of chemical and dynamical processes influencing climate change and for validation of satellite observations. Total ozone observations in western Siberia were performed by the Brewer MKIV S/N 049 spectrophotometer in Tomsk and the SAOZ UV-Vis spectrometer in Salekhard.

Results: Of 105 patients with donor search, 97 (matches 83; contr

Results: Of 105 patients with donor search, 97 (matches 83; controls 14) were

assessable NU7441 mw at the 3-month landmark. Matches and controls were comparable for age, gender, time from diagnosis, number of previous regimens, and remission status. Disregarding if alloSCT was actually carried out or not, survival from the 3-month landmark was significantly better in matches versus controls [hazard ratio 0.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.17-0.85; P = 0.014]. The survival benefit of matches remained significant on multivariate analysis. Conclusion: This study provides first comparative evidence that alloSCT may have the potential to improve the natural course of poor-risk CLL as defined by the EBMT criteria.”
“PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prompt intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection (4 mg/0.1 mL) vs intravitreal bevacizumab injection (1.25 mg/0.05 mL) compared with observation in the management of extensive exudative retinal detachment secondary

to posterior uveal melanoma.\n\nDESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized, interventional case series.\n\nMETHODS: SETTING: Institutional. PATIENTS: Ninety-six patients affected by posterior uveal melanoma with large exudative retinal detachment (>10 mm in largest basal diameter) were included. INTERVENTION: Patients received intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (32 eyes) or intravitreal GDC-0941 in vitro bevacizumab (32 eyes) at plaque removal. Thirty-two patients served as controls GSK2879552 Epigenetics inhibitor (observation group). All groups were matched for age, sex, initial tumor thickness and largest basal diameter, largest exudative retinal detachment basal diameter, tumor location, and Bruch membrane rupture. Patients underwent monthly follow-up examinations in the first 6 months and every 3 months thereafter. Follow-up was longer than 24 months. MAIN OUTCOME

MEASURE: Exudative retinal detachment resolution (B-scan ultrasonography), steroid-induced cataract, steroid-induced increased IOP.\n\nRESULTS: Follow-up was 37 +/- 7 months. Marked exudative retinal detachment regression was documented in 22 (69%) intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide treated vs 11 (34%) intravitreal bevacizumab treated and 9 (28%) untreated eyes (P = .0007 and P = .0001, respectively). No statistical significance was found between intravitreal bevacizumab group vs observation group (P = .45) Steroid-induced cataract was observed in 4 intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide treated patients (12%). Neither steroid-induced increased IOP nor other short- or long-term side effects were documented.\n\nCONCLUSION: Intraoperative intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection induces earlier and marked exudative retinal detachment resolution after brachytherapy of posterior uveal melanoma. Risk and benefit should be balanced vs steroid-induced cataract. (Am J Ophthalmol 2013;155:127-133. (C) 2013 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.