The WORC was able to detect change in functional status of surgical patients
(regardless of type of surgery) with rotator cuff pathology in two studies (Holtby et al 2005, de Witte et al 2012). The WORC was more responsive than other measures like SST (Simple Shoulder test), DASH, and SF-36 (The Short Form (36) Health Survey). A recent study comparing the responsiveness of WORC with other shoulder specific measures like SPADI (Shoulder Pain and Disability Index) and OSS (Oxford Shoulder Scale) reported that WORC had higher point estimates of responsiveness, but did not identify significant differences in responsiveness between the disease-specific WORC index and the region selleck chemicals llc specific SPADI and the OSS (Ekeberg et al 2010). Shoulder
problems, rotator cuff conditions in particular, are common musculoskeletal disorders with a high socioeconomic effect. The incidence of shoulder complaints in general practice is 22 per 1000 patients per year (Sobel et al 1996). Rotator cuff conditions comprise 44% to 65% of these shoulder complaints (Koester et al 2005). Young athletic people and active members of society are often affected (Cohen et al 2007). The 21 item WORC questionnaire covers the physical symptoms due to rotator cuff pathology and Dinaciclib clinical trial its effect on different domains of life–sports/recreation, work, lifestyle, and emotions. There is a small pool of studies addressing its clinical measurement properties which have generally been supportive indicating that WORC is a reasonably valid and reliable tool to measure the health related quality of life in patients with rotator
cuff pathology. Head-to-head comparisons are needed to establish whether it is preferable to other shoulder questionnaires which are generally shorter; and whether a disease-specific QoL tool is needed as an alternative to shoulder-specific scales that are currently used across a number of conditions. “
“The Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief IPQ) is a 9-item questionnaire designed to rapidly assess cognitive and emotional representations of illness (Broadbent et al 2006). The Brief IPQ uses a single-item scale approach to assess perception on a 0–10 response scale. It is developed by forming one question that best summarises the items contained in each subscale of the no Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised which has over 80 items. The Brief IBQ comprises 5 items on cognitive representation of illness perception: consequences, timeline, personal control, treatment control, and identity. There are 2 items on emotional representation: concern and emotions. One item is on illness comprehensibility. The last item is on perceived cause of illness, in which respondents list the three most important causal factors in their illness. For this questionnaire, the general word ‘illness’ can be replaced by the name of a particular illness such as asthma.