“The electronic structure of the two lowest excited Galardin chemical structure electronic states of FAD and FADH(.) in folate-depleted E coli DNA photolyase (PL(OX) and PL(SQ), respectively) was measured using absorption Stark spectroscopy. The experimental analysis was supported by TDDFT calculations of both the charge redistribution and the difference dipole moments for the transitions of both oxidation states using lumiflavin as a model. The difference dipole moments and polarizabilities for PL(OX) are similar to those obtained in our previous
work for flavins in simple solvents and in an FMN-containing flavoprotein. No such comparison can be made for PL(SQ), as we believe this to be the first experimental report of the direction and magnitude of excited-state charge redistribution in any flavosemiquinone. The picture that emerges from these studies is discussed in the context of electron transfer in photolyase, particularly for the semiquinone photoreduction process, which involves nearby tryptophan residues as electron donors. The direction of charge displacement derived from an analysis of the Stark spectra rationalizes the positioning of the critical Trp382 residue relative to the flavin for efficient vectorial electron transfer
leading to photoreduction. The ramifications of vectorial charge redistribution are discussed Selleck 3 MA in the context of the wider class of flavoprotein blue light photoreceptors.”
“Background: Alcohol consumption among adolescents is a serious learn more public health concern. Research has shown that prevention programs targeting
parents can help prevent underage drinking. The problem is that parental participation in these kinds of interventions is generally low. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine non-participation in a parental support program aiming to prevent underage alcohol drinking. The Health Belief Model has been used as a tool for the analysis.\n\nMethods: To understand non-participation in a parental program a quasi-experimental mixed-method design was used. The participants in the study were invited to participate in a parental program targeting parents with children in school years 7-9. A questionnaire was sent home to the parents before the program started. Two follow-up surveys were also carried out. The inclusion criteria for the study were that the parents had answered the questionnaire in school year 7 and either of the questionnaires in the two subsequent school years (n = 455). Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine reasons for non-participation. The final follow-up questionnaire included an opened-ended question about reasons for non-participation. A qualitative content analysis was carried out and the two largest categories were included in the third model of the multinomial logistic regression analysis.\n\nResults: Educational level was the most important socio-demographic factor for predicting non-participation.