“The electronic structure of the two lowest excited


“The electronic structure of the two lowest excited Galardin chemical structure electronic states of FAD and FADH(.) in folate-depleted E coli DNA photolyase (PL(OX) and PL(SQ), respectively) was measured using absorption Stark spectroscopy. The experimental analysis was supported by TDDFT calculations of both the charge redistribution and the difference dipole moments for the transitions of both oxidation states using lumiflavin as a model. The difference dipole moments and polarizabilities for PL(OX) are similar to those obtained in our previous

work for flavins in simple solvents and in an FMN-containing flavoprotein. No such comparison can be made for PL(SQ), as we believe this to be the first experimental report of the direction and magnitude of excited-state charge redistribution in any flavosemiquinone. The picture that emerges from these studies is discussed in the context of electron transfer in photolyase, particularly for the semiquinone photoreduction process, which involves nearby tryptophan residues as electron donors. The direction of charge displacement derived from an analysis of the Stark spectra rationalizes the positioning of the critical Trp382 residue relative to the flavin for efficient vectorial electron transfer

leading to photoreduction. The ramifications of vectorial charge redistribution are discussed Selleck 3 MA in the context of the wider class of flavoprotein blue light photoreceptors.”
“Background: Alcohol consumption among adolescents is a serious learn more public health concern. Research has shown that prevention programs targeting

parents can help prevent underage drinking. The problem is that parental participation in these kinds of interventions is generally low. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to examine non-participation in a parental support program aiming to prevent underage alcohol drinking. The Health Belief Model has been used as a tool for the analysis.\n\nMethods: To understand non-participation in a parental program a quasi-experimental mixed-method design was used. The participants in the study were invited to participate in a parental program targeting parents with children in school years 7-9. A questionnaire was sent home to the parents before the program started. Two follow-up surveys were also carried out. The inclusion criteria for the study were that the parents had answered the questionnaire in school year 7 and either of the questionnaires in the two subsequent school years (n = 455). Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine reasons for non-participation. The final follow-up questionnaire included an opened-ended question about reasons for non-participation. A qualitative content analysis was carried out and the two largest categories were included in the third model of the multinomial logistic regression analysis.\n\nResults: Educational level was the most important socio-demographic factor for predicting non-participation.

In addition, an examination of eight stool samples allowed the id

In addition, an examination of eight stool samples allowed the identification of a corresponding

CAZome core containing 46 families of glycoside hydrolases and polysaccharide lyases, which suggests the functional stability of the gut microbiota FK228 despite large taxonomical variations between individuals.”
“Segmentectomy is one of the treatment options for small-sized non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although growing results support the feasibility and efficacy, it still remains unclear in segmentectomy. The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer recommended a revised classification of TNM staging in 2009 (the seventh edition) and multidisciplinary classification of adenocarcinoma. We report here the outcome of totally thoracoscopic segmentectomy and lobectomy for T factor and adenocarcinoma.\n\nNinety patients with Stage IA NSCLC underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy OSI-744 datasheet between September 2003 and June 2011. A total of 124 patients were referred as a control group to compare the peri-operative outcome, local recurrence rate and survival. These survivals were analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank

test and propensity score analyses.\n\nThe peri-operative outcome, including operative time, blood loss, duration of chest tube drainage and length of hospital stay, was not significantly different between groups. The number of dissected lymph nodes with segmentectomy was less than that with lobectomy. Morbidity and mortality were not significantly different between groups. Seven patients relapsed in GDC-0068 order each group and propensity score analysis in disease-free and overall survivals showed no differences

between two groups in Stage IA. Subclass analyses revealed that disease-free and overall survivals in T1a and T1b were not significantly different between the two groups.\n\nOur study demonstrated that thoracoscopic segmentectomy was feasible with regard to peri-operative and oncological outcomes for Stage IA NSCLC, especially T1a and carefully selected T1b descriptor.”
“This study draws on theory by Solomon Asch (1946, 1952) to examine how presenting with intimate partner violence versus methamphetamine use shapes characteristics of substance abuse assessment interviews. When responding to an initial open-ended question from a substance abuse counselor, the methamphetamine user and intimate partner violence survivor may elicit very different reactions from the counselor. We predicted that these differing presenting problems would initiate different trajectories for overall impression formation. To test this hypothesis, 18 substance abuse practitioners interviewed one standardized patient (an actor portraying a substance abuse client) who alternated her presenting problem between a) violence in a domestic setting and b) methamphetamine use. The remainder of her story was identical for counselors in either presenting problem group.

MethodsA population-based retrospective cohort study was conducte

MethodsA population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using the national pharmacy claims database in Ireland. Subjects were

analyzed for persistence and regimen change. Cox proportional hazards regression examined associations of socio-demographic and treatment factors on treatment patterns. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% CIs are presented. ResultsA total of 20947 subjects were identified in the study over a 2 year period. Most were initiated on metformin (76%) or sulphonylureas (22%) and 77% were persistent with therapy 12 months after initiation. The likelihood of non-persistence was significantly lower https://www.selleckchem.com/products/fosbretabulin-disodium-combretastatin-a-4-phosphate-disodium-ca4p-disodium.html in the youngest (40-49 years) age groups (reference 60-69 years) (HR 1.62, 95% CI 1.42, 1.84) and those on sulphonylureas (HR 1.49, 95% CI 1.36, 1.64). The likelihood of receiving a regimen change was significantly lower in the older (80+ years) age groups (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.56, 0.71), females (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.86, 0.95), PD0332991 and those with pre-existing CVD (1 vs. 0 CVD medicines) (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.74, 0.90), and higher in those on sulphonylureas (HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.73, 1.94). ConclusionsType of treatment, pre-existing CVD and demographic factors are shown to be associated with the observed treatment patterns. Guideline recommended agents were widely used on treatment initiation though a substantial

minority were not initiated on the recommended first line agent. Use of guideline recommended agents was not as evident during treatment progression. Further optimization of initial

and subsequent antidiabetic agent prescribing may be possible.”
“Thrombolytic therapy improves the overall outcome of many patients with acute ischemic stroke, but it is associated with complications such as symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Several factors predict the risk of hemorrhage. Dramatic BMS-777607 changes in the coagulation profile following thrombolytic therapy have not been well studied. However, it is unknown if commonly used laboratory tests for coagulation are of predictive value. Yet these tests are commonly requested to predict or treat symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. When such tests are abnormal, they may present a management dilemma. In this report, we present two cases of coagulopathy following thrombolytic therapy without symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage that were managed differently. Our report suggests that dramatic changes occur in the coagulation profile of patients who receive thrombolytic therapy, but may not clearly predict symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Therefore, other factors should be considered when managing these patients.”
“Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is a fatal, dominant neurodegenerative disorder. MJD results from polyglutamine repeat expansion in the MJD-1 gene, conferring a toxic gain of function to the ataxin-3 protein.

The cysteine residues of the related Vp1 of SV40 are known to con

The cysteine residues of the related Vp1 of SV40 are known to contribute to Vp1 folding, pentamer formation, pentamer-pentamer

contacts, and capsid stabilization. In light of the presence of a slight structural difference between JCV Vp1 and SV40 counterpart, the way the former folds could be either different from or similar to the latter. We found a difference: an important contribution of Vp1 cysteines to the formation of infectious virions, unique in JCV and absent in SV40. Having introduced amino acid substitution at each of six cysteines (C42, C80, C97, C200, C247, and C260) in JCV Vp1, we found that, when expressed in HeLa cells, the Vp1 level was decreased in C80A and C247A mutants, and NSC-23766 remained normal in the other mutants. Additionally, the C80A and C247A Vp1-expressing cell extracts did not show the hemagglutination activity characteristic of JCV particles. The C80A and C247A mutant Vp1s were found to be less stable than the wild-type Vp1 in HeLa cells. When produced in a reconstituted in vitro protein translation system, these two mutant proteins were stable, suggesting that some cellular factors were responsible for their degradation.

As determined by their sucrose gradient sedimentation profiles, in vitro translated C247A Vp1 formed pentamers, but in vitro translated C80A Vp1 was entirely monomeric. When individually incorporated into the JCV genome, the C80A and C247A mutants, but not the learn more other Vp1 cysteine residues mutants, interfered with JCV infectivity. Furthermore, the C80A, but not the C247A, mutation prevented the nuclear localization of Vp1 in JCV genome transfected cells. These findings suggest that C80 of JCV Vp1 is required

for Vp1 stability and pentamer formation, and C247 is involved in capsid assembly in the nucleus.”
“Background and purpose: Daily intake of aspirin was shown to decrease human cerebral aneurysm rupture by 60%. The feasibility of imaging macrophages in Ricolinostat cost human cerebral aneurysm walls using ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI has been demonstrated. The goal of the present study is to image aspirin effect on macrophages in the wall of human cerebral aneurysm using ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI.\n\nMaterial and methods: Five patients with known intracranial aneurysms underwent baseline imaging using T2(star) gradient-echo and T1 MRI sequences using ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI 72-hour post-ferumoxytol infusion. Patients then received 81 mg aspirin per as daily. After 3 months, imaging studies were repeated and analyzed by co-registration using a histogram and subtraction of follow-up images from baseline.\n\nResults: In all five patients, after 3 months of treatment with aspirin, the signal intensity corresponding to the uptake of ferumoxytol by macrophages in the aneurysm wall was less intense than in the baseline images. This was confirmed by co-registration of images using histogram and subtraction of follow-up images from baseline.

The evaluation was done throughout a two-year period in a diagnos

The evaluation was done throughout a two-year period in a diagnostic routine laboratory. Furthermore, the sensitivity of four different methods, the in-house L pneumophila antibody test (ELISA), the urinary antigen test (Binax (R) EIA), an in-house PCR and culture, both alone and in combination was evaluated.\n\nFrom 2008 to 2010, 12,158 serum samples

from 10,503 patients were analysed. During the same period, 361 cases LY3039478 cell line of laboratory-confirmed LD cases were recorded in Denmark, but of these only 113 had a serum sample examined. The positive predictive value of the in-house ELISA was calculated to be 12.8 and the negative predictive value was 99.6, using only the confirmed LD cases as true positives.\n\nThe sensitivity of the in-house ELISA for the detection of IgM and IgG antibodies in the confirmed LD Fedratinib price cases was 61% and 36%, respectively. By combining the two ELISA assays the sensitivity increased to 66%. The sensitivity of the Legionella urinary antigen test (Binax EIA) was 63%, of the in-house PCR 87% and of culture 69%. When all the different methods were combined, a higher sensitivity was calculated – for in-house ELISA (IgM + IgG) and Binax (R) EIA 91%, in-house ELISA (IgM + IgG) and in-house PCR 93%, in-house

ELISA (IgM + IgG) and culture 93%, Binax (R) EIA and in-house PCR 79%, Binax (R) EIA and culture 68% and in-house PCR and culture 94%.\n\nThis study confirms that the detection of IgG and IgM antibodies by ELISA is an important diagnostic tool, also.-during the initial phase of the disease. Furthermore, we showed that LD in Denmark with or without serum samples collected exhibits the same age and sex distribution and epidemiology, as in the rest of Europe, i.e., mostly men

are infected, infections are mostly community acquired, followed by infection from travelling abroad. Apart from patients with notified LD, the patients investigated by serology were evenly distributed in all age groups; there was only a slightly higher ratio of men tested for “atypical pneumonia” in the serology laboratory. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Nuclear magnetic resonance SB203580 datasheet spectroscopic methods have been used to characterize the chemical composition of floral nectar of Anigozanthos species with a minimum of sample preparation and without derivatization. The nectar of this passerine-pollinated plant is largely dominated by glucose and fructose, while sucrose occurs only at a minor level. Tyrosine, several additional amino acids, and a variety of carboxylic acids were identified and their concentrations estimated. A linear diarylheptanoid was detected as a trace component, marking the first time this type of secondary product in Hemodoraceae has been found.”
“A method to separate the four stereoisomers of a chiral thiazolidine-2, 4-dione containing two stereocenters was developed.

gambiae s s in Ghana In this study, the ability of these vecto

gambiae s. s. in Ghana. In this study, the ability of these vectors in transmitting Wuchereria bancrofti in nine lymphatic filariasis endemic communities in Gomoa District of Ghana Alvocidib concentration after four rounds of MDA with ivermectin and albendazole was investigated.\n\nMethods: After mass screening of inhabitants

in these communities, twelve consenting volunteers with different intensities of microfilariae (mf) slept under partly opened mosquito nets as sources of mf blood meal. Hourly collection of mosquitoes and finger-pricked blood were taken from 21.00 to 06.00 hours the following day. For each hour, half of the mosquitoes collected were immediately killed and dissected for mf. The remaining half were maintained up to 13 days for parasite maturation. Parasitaemia and infection rates in the mosquitoes were determined by microscopy. The mosquitoes were identified by microscopy Selleck Nirogacestat and molecular techniques.\n\nResults: A total of 1,083 participants were screened and the overall parasite prevalence was 1.6% with mf intensities ranging from 0 to 59 per 100 mu l and geometric mean intensity of 1.1 mf per ml of blood. Of the 564 mosquitoes collected, 350 (62.1%) were Anopheles spp., from which 310 (88.6%) were An. funestus and 32 (9.1%) An. gambiae. Six anopheline mosquitoes (1.7%) were found infected with L-1, but no larva was observed in any of the mosquitoes maintained

up to 13 days. Molecular studies showed all An. gambiae s. l. to be An. gambiae s. s., of which 21 (70%) were of the M molecular form.\n\nConclusion: At low-level parasitaemia after 4 rounds of MDA, there was no recovery of infective stage larvae of W. bancrofti in An. funestus s. l. as well as M and S forms of An. gambiae.”
“In

this study, river stage variation derived from satellite altimetry was used to assess the water level, monthly discharge, and annual water yield at six virtual gauging stations at the braided reaches of the Brahmaputra River. The braided reaches of the river dynamically change their planform, thalweg line, and aggradation or degradation period. Dihydrotestosterone mw Stage records derived from the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency and Topex/Poseidon of NASA/CNES were used for the period 2002-2010. Spatial interpolation and datum correction were applied on altimetry-derived river stage records before analysis. A correlation and error analysis between the in situ and satellite-altimetry-derived stages was carried out for these stations for both monsoon and non-monsoon seasons. Yearly optical satellite images were used for qualitative assessment of temporal variations in aggradation/degradation phases at the gauging stations. Using the pseudo-rating curve, discharges at two virtual gauging stations were estimated. The results show that the altimetry-estimated discharges are of good agreement with observed discharge for the monsoon months (June-September) as compared with the non-monsoon months (October-May).

063 mg/ml were added to SAOS-2 cell line for two days incubation

063 mg/ml were added to SAOS-2 cell line for two days incubation. For cell proliferation and cytotoxicty analyses MTT, for apoptotic cell death determination TUNEL method, for distribution of caspase 6, caspase 8 and caspase 9 indirect immunocytochemistry

analyses were used. After MTT analyses, the most effect was observed PE 7 at the 0.125 mg/ml dilution. The number of TUNEL positive cells was more detectable at PE 4 and 5 at the 0.063 mg/ml, and PE 7 at the 0.125 mg/ml dilutions. The immunoreactivity of caspase 6 was stronger than caspase 8 and 9. Moreover, density of caspase 6 staining was much better especially in PE 7 at the 0.125 mg/ml dilution. In conclusion, the mechanisms of apoptosis induction by PE may appear via caspase pathway because of its anticanserogenic effect. PE may be usefull in the cancer treatment protocol.”
“This article makes a case for the urgent need to improve health KU-57788 in vitro care quality and reduce costs. It provides an overview of the importance of the quality movement and the definition of quality, including the concept of clinical and operational quality. Some national drivers for quality improvement as well as drivers of escalating health care costs are discussed, along with the

urgency of reducing health care costs. The link between quality and cost is reviewed using the concept of value in health care, which combines quality and cost in the same equation. The article ends with a discussion of future directions of LDK378 inhibitor the quality movement, including emerging concepts, such as risk-adjustment, shared responsibility for quality,

measuring quality at the individual provider level, and evolving legal implications of the quality movement, as well as the concept of a shared savings model.”
“Plasticity refers to changes in the brain that enable an organism to adapt its behavior in the face of changing environmental demands. The evolutionary role of plasticity is to provide the cognitive flexibility to learn from experiences, ABT-263 cost to monitor the world based on learned predictions, and adjust actions when these predictions are violated. Both progressive (myelination) and regressive (synaptic pruning) brain changes support this type of adaptation. Experience-driven changes in neural connections underlie the ability to learn and update thoughts and behaviors throughout life. Many cognitive and behavioral indices exhibit nonlinear life-span trajectories, suggesting the existence of specific sensitive developmental periods of heightened plasticity. We propose that age-related differences in learning capabilities and behavioral performance reflect the distinct maturational timetable of subcortical learning systems and modulatory prefrontal regions. We focus specifically on the developmental transition of adolescence, during which individuals experience difficulty flexibly adjusting their behavior when confronted with unexpected and emotionally salient events.

Lemons (Citrus limon, cv Limoneira 8A) were harvested in winter m

Lemons (Citrus limon, cv.Limoneira 8A) were harvested in winter months (June to August), treated with 0.43W m(-2) (22 kJ m(-2) d(-1) UV-BBE) of UV-B radiation during 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 5.0 min, and then stored at 25 degrees C for 24 h. Peel samples from irradiated areas were obtained with Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor a razor blade and frozen in liquid nitrogen until use for measurements. Data obtained showed that 2 and 3 min of UV-B exposure effectively increased

the level of UV-B absorbing compounds and total phenolics in flavedo without causing visual alterations of the peel colour as compared with non-irradiated lemons. By contrast, there were no significant changes in albedo secondary metabolite accumulation. The amount of secondary metabolites was depending upon UV-B time-dose. Exposure over 3.0 min did not further improve the accumulation of UV-B absorbing and phenolic compounds. Soluble sugars (sucrose, glucose and fructose) also accumulated in the lemon peel after UV-B exposure, but the distribution patterns were different. After

3 min time-dose, sucrose and hexoses increased in flavedo, whereas in albedo only increased the sucrose and glucose. This effect was related to UVB-induced changes in the activity of sucrose-hydrolyzing and sucrose-synthesizing β-Nicotinamide enzymes: soluble and cell-bound invertase, sucrose synthase (SS) and sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS). Data indicate that lemon peel retains the capacity to modify the enzyme activity of sucrose metabolism in response to UV-B exposure. Our results also suggest that the exposure of postharvest lemons to low supplemental UV-B doses produces changes see more in the carbon allocation of peel tissues including synthesis, but probably not only limited to them, of UV-B absorbing and phenolic compounds. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Nodular hidradenoma or clear cell hidradenoma is a rare skin adenexal tumor which arises from eccrine sweat glands. Skin adenexal tumors situated in the breast parenchyma are still very

rare and is one of the differential diagnoses of breast tumors. Failure to identify its morphologic features may lead to a mistaken diagnosis and over treatment. We report a case of breast lump, in a 40-year-old lady, which was diagnosed clinically as a malignant breast lump. Final diagnosis of nodular hidradenoma was made only after excision biopsy as. ne needle aspiration cytology was inconclusive.”
“Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is rare in the chest wall, particularly in patients who have undergone radiotherapy for primary nasopharyngeal cancer. In the present study, a case of MFH of the upper chest wall that appeared four years after initial radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx is reported.

The rate of partners indicating high personal importance for inte

The rate of partners indicating high personal importance for intercourse decreased from 83.3% to 69.2%, as did the rate of partners stating high sexual satisfaction (from 63.6% to 41.7%). Despite these trends, most patients and partners reported high relationship and life satisfaction after RTx. Conclusions. Partners of patients who had received a kidney transplant seem to be affected by negative changes in the patients’ sexual functioning. Nonetheless, many couples maintain high relationship and life satisfaction.”
“Triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO) is one of the surgical procedures

for use to try to reduce subsequent degenerative joint disease or modify the progress of hip dysplasia in young dogs. Joint force and pressure distribution were changed by this procedure. Therefore, the aim of this study was to find out whether the remodeling of Liproxstatin-1 in vitro proximal femur exists or not after TPO in dysplastic dogs. Ten femora from five young dysplastic mongrel dogs, treated unilaterally with TPO using 20 degrees canine pelvic osteotomy plates, were used. One year after TPO, neck-proximal shaft angle, femoral head, neck, diaphyseal

and mid-shaft diameters, total femoral, femoral neck axis, and intertrochanteric, femoral head offset lengths as well as the lengths from head center to lateral margin of greater trochanter and to proximal femoral axis were measured from the bone. The significant differences between treatment and control side were determined in Norberg angle, neck-proximal shaft angle, neck diameter, diaphyseal diameter, mid-shaft diameter, Selleck HKI272 length from head center to proximal femoral axis

and femoral learn more head offset length.\n\nIn conclusion, although small number of cases was used, it was determined that the aforementioned variables are affected by TPO. So, these variables may be supply additional information about the changes to the joint following TPO in dysplastic dogs. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Labeo rohita (rohu) fingerlings were exposed to different concentrations (0.001, 0.002 and 0.01 ppm) of phorate, an organophosphate pesticide; samplings were done at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. The study was carried out to evaluate tissue specific genotoxic effects produced by phorate, on three different tissue systems and to assess DNA repair response in fish. Results of tissue specific DNA damage experiments showed low baseline damage in blood cells followed by gill and liver cells in control individuals whereas more DNA breaks were found in liver followed by gill and blood cells of treated individuals. Concentrations-dependent DNA damage showed a strong, linear and positive relationship (r(2) = > 0.7) in all three tissues. Clear time-related increase in DNA damage was observed for all tissues exposed to all concentrations except in liver cells at 0.01 ppm, where the DNA damage declined significantly after 72 h.

The relationship between prion propagation, generation

The relationship between prion propagation, generation GSK2126458 datasheet of neurotoxic species and clinical onset has remained obscure. Prion incubation periods in experimental animals are known to vary inversely with expression level of cellular prion

protein. Here we demonstrate that prion propagation in brain proceeds via two distinct phases: a clinically silent exponential phase not rate-limited by prion protein concentration which rapidly reaches a maximal prion titre, followed by a distinct switch to a plateau phase. The latter determines time to clinical onset in a manner inversely proportional to prion protein concentration. These findings demonstrate an uncoupling of infectivity and toxicity. We suggest that prions themselves are not neurotoxic but catalyse the formation of such species from PrPC. Production of neurotoxic species is triggered when prion propagation saturates, leading to a switch from autocatalytic production of infectivity (phase 1) to a toxic

(phase 2) pathway.”
“To determine the apicultural value of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (Fabaceae) this website and evaluate the Apis mellifera adansonii Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) activity on its pod and seed yields, the bee foraging and pollinating activities were studied in Ngaoundere. The experiment was carried out within the University of Ngaoundere Campus on 210 flowers differentiated in two lots, based on the protection/or not of plant inflorescences against insect visits. The bee’s seasonal rhythm of activity, its foraging behaviour on flowers, the fructification rate, the number and dry weight of seeds/pod, the percentage of normal seeds/pod, and the pod length were evaluated. Results show that A. m. adansonii foraged on plants throughout the whole blooming period. Worker bees intensively and preferably harvested nectar. The greatest mean number of workers foraging simultaneously was 500 per 1000 flowers. The mean foraging speed was 8.67 flowers/min. These findings

allow the classification of V. unguiculata as a highly nectariferous bee plant. The number and dry weight of seed/pod, the pod length and the percentage of normal seeds/pod from unprotected Selleckchem PLX4032 flowers were significantly higher than those of flowers protected from insects. The fructification rates were 62 and 48%, while the percentages of healthly seeds were 97.61 and 76.17%, respectively in unprotected and protected inflorescences. The installation of A. m. adansonii colonies close to V. unguiculata field could be recommended to improve its pods and seeds production in the region.”
“The growing number of bacterial strains resistant to conventional antibiotics has become a serious medical problem in recent years. Marine sponges are a rich source of bioactive compounds, and many species can be useful for the development of new antimicrobial drugs. This study reports the in vitro screening of marine sponges in the search for novel substances against antibiotic-resistant bacteria.