MFN1032 cells did not show this cell-associated hemolysis during the stationary growth phase. Previous studies have shown a negative effect of high
cell density, through a RpoS-mediated mechanisms  or by quorum-sensing , on TTSS gene expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We found increased hemolytic activity in the MFN1032 gacA mutant (V1). This result suggests that the Gac two-component system is a negative regulator of cell-associated hemolytic activity. Studies on TTSS regulation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa have demonstrated that the GacA response regulator inhibits TTSS function and that, in a gacA mutant, the TTSS effector ExoS is hypersecreted . Opposite, in Pseudomonas syringae, GacA is a positive regulator of the TTSS . R406 cost The homology between MFN1032 genes and plant-associated TTSS genes is not in favour of a direct negative transcriptional regulation by the system Gac. To investigate the potential role of TTSS in this hemolytic process, we constructed a mutant with hrpU operon disruption, MFN1030, in which hemolytic activity was severely impaired. Hemolysis was restored in revertant MFN1031 cells, with hemolytic activity levels similar to wild type. Thus, cell-associated hemolytic activity
seems to require an intact hrpU operon. In contrast, hrpU operon disruption did not affect swimming motility, suggesting that hrpU operon is not involved in flagella biosynthesis. In MFN1030 the single homologue recombinaison Cyclooxygenase (COX) event with PME3087-hrcRST would result in, at least, a lack of HrcT protein. In Pseudomonas cichorri, an insertion of transposon in hrcT was described as sufficient to lost virulence on SCH727965 eggplant . This large insertion in MFN1030 would have a polar effect on genes situated downstream this operon. In Pseudomonas fluorescens, hrcRST genes are highly conserved. Other genes of the hrpU operon, however, seem to vary considerably [22, 34]. PCR experiments based on SBW25 and KD sequences did not lead to an amplification
of any hrc genes located downstream or upstream hrcRST (data not shown). An experiment of chromosome walking should allow us to identify these genes. The hrcRST genes from Pseudomonas fluorescens MFN1032 show a high level of homology with hrcRST genes from Pseudomonas syringae, a plant pathogen. TTSS-dependent pore formation is due to the insertion of the translocation pores into host cell membranes. In Pseudomonas syringae, Hrpz psph forms pores in vitro and is exported by the TTSS. However, when introduced into learn more Yersinia enterocolitica cells, this protein is exported via the Yersinia SSTT but cannot replace YopB functions and do not cause RBC hemolysis . HrpZ is unable to induce pore formation. Moreover, in the two strains of Pseudomonas fluorescens already described no hrpZ homologue was found. We tried to amplify this gene with primers design from hprZ from other pseudomonad, but without success.