Mycobacterium smegmatis cell fractionation was carried out essentially as described earlier, with minor modifications (Delogu et al., 2004). Briefly, the recombinants grown up to the late log phase were harvested by centrifugation at 3000 g for 10 min at 4 °C, followed by washing with cold phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and finally sonication in PBS containing the protease inhibitor P-8849 (Sigma-Aldrich). The whole-cell lysate thus prepared was centrifuged at 20 000 g to separate the insoluble (pellet) and the soluble (supernatant) fractions. Samples were subjected to SDS-PAGE as described by Laemmli (1970)
and subjected to Western blot analysis essentially as described earlier (Alone et al., 2007) using anti-GFP monoclonal antibody (Roche, Germay). The blot was developed with a horseradish peroxidase-labeled anti-mouse IgG
antibody (Sigma-Aldrich) and a chemiluminescent buy 3-Methyladenine substrate system (Biological Venetoclax supplier Industries, Israel). Mycobacterium smegmatis cells were allowed to grow at 200 r.p.m. at 37 °C. OD600 nm was measured every 3 h using a Perkin-Elmer spectrophotometer. To analyze the growth kinetics, OD600 nm was plotted against time on a semi-log plot. Wild-type and transformed M. smegmatis were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde and coated on poly-lysine treated coverslips, which were then mounted on slides using vectashield mounting medium (Vector Laboratories Inc.). Microscopic visualization was performed on click here a Zeiss LSM 510 Meta confocal microscope (Carl Zeiss, Jena, Germany) using an oil immersion objective. Immunoelectron microscopy of M. smegmatis
cells was performed essentially as described earlier (Burghardt & Droleskey, 2006) at the Electron Microscopic Facility, Advanced Instrument Research Facility, JNU, New Delhi. Briefly, M. smegmatis cells from log-phase cultures were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde containing 0.5% glutaraldehyde and concentrated in 2% agar. The agar-encased bacteria were then dehydrated and embedded using LR white resin (Electron Microscopy Sciences). Thin sections (100 nm) were obtained using Leica Ultracut (Leica, Germany) and processed for immunostaining using anti-GFP antibody and gold (10 nm)-labeled anti-mouse secondary antibody. Unrelated antibody was used at a similar dilution as a negative control. The immunostained sections were viewed using a Jeol 2100F transmission electron microscope (Jeol Analytic Instruments). The colonies of the M. smegmatis transformed with pVV1651cGFP (pVV1651cGFPMs) appeared on the solid agar-based medium after 4 days of plating, while the colonies transformed with vector alone (pVVGFPMs) appeared within 3 days. On day 5, PE_PGRS30-transformed M. smegmatis colonies were smaller in size when compared with the control (Fig. 1a and b). The M. smegmatis cultures transformed with the pVV1651c showed a significant lag in growth when compared with that transformed with the pVV16.