The number of skills taught was reduced to make learning easier given the new length of treatment. Family members were included in the weekly skills sessions and were offered intersession skills coaching to enhance generalization of skills. Family sessions can also be added to address specific family issues. The terminology of the handouts was adapted to teenagers. Finally, a fifth skills Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical module was added; walking the middle path, to help patients and families with polarized ways of thinking, feeling, and interacting. Clinical research suggests that DBT
may be an effective treatment for adolescents with BPD features, as it has been associated with reductions in suicidal and non-suicidal self-injury, psychiatric hospitalizations, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical and other problems associated with BPD. Mentalization-based treatment Mentalization-based treatment (MBT) was the second psychotherapy technique developed specifically for BPD. Mentalization is the imaginative mental capacity to perceive and interpret human behavior in terms of intentional mental states (feelings, needs, desires, beliefs, and goals.38 It is believed that this understanding of others in terms of their Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical thoughts and feelings is a developmental achievement dependant on
the quality of attachment relationships (particularly early ones).38 The capacity to mentalize varies in relation to emotional and interpersonal context. According to Fonagy, the failure of mentalizing, in combination with profound disorganization of self-structure, may account for the core features of BPD.38 In fact, adolescents with BPD features were found to hypermentalize,39 defined as “over-interpretative mental state reasoning.”40 Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical MBT aims to improve the patient’s ability to understand his own and other’s mental
states (mentalizing) in the context of attachment relationships, which is demonstrated as helpful in both affective and behavioral aspects of BPD. Concretely, this is done using weekly individual sessions and group sessions. MBT has proven more effective than usual treatment in reducing self-harm and depression in adolescents. It reflected improvement in emergent BPD symptoms and traits.41 The HYPE clinic: an early intervention IPI-145 cost service for BPD HYPE42 stands for “helping young people early.” The many clinic is based in Melbourne and uses a team-based intervention model comprising time-limited cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) by Ryle, case management, and general psychiatric care. The goal is to offer treatment as early as possible in the course of BPD (in contrast to services working only with individuals with a severe disorder) with an intervention appropriate to the phase of the disorder and the developmental stage of the patient and his or her family. Meeting three DSM-IV-TR BPD criteria is enough to be included.