Our purpose is to report our experience with transcatheter cryoab

Our purpose is to report our experience with transcatheter cryoablation in three infants selleck screening library with drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia.\n\nWe

reviewed clinical and electrophysiologic data from infants who underwent cryothermal ablation for drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) at our institution.\n\nThree patients (age 10-42 days) underwent transcatheter cryothermal ablation over a 1-year period. None had arrhythmia suppression on medical management, and all had hemodynamic instability from persistent SVT episodes. Cryothermal mapping (-30 C) localized the suspected foci. All foci were adjacent to the AV node. Cryoablation lesions were delivered at and around mapped foci. In one patient, cryothermal energy application eliminated the SVT but resulted in transient right bundle branch block that resolved later. Two patients had hemodynamically insignificant episodes of SVT in the immediate post-ablation period that resolved with standard antiarrhythmic treatment. One died of sepsis but remained SVT free for 10 days after the procedure without antiarrhythmic medications. Neither of the two surviving patients had SVT recurrence at 6-month follow-up

off medications.\n\nIn our series, transcatheter cryoablation was an effective treatment for drug-resistant SVT in infants. We encountered some early nonsustained post-procedure SVT; however, such episodes did not predict procedural failure.”
“Although GSK 4529 the productivity and nitrogen (N)-use traits of mire plants differ dramatically selleck chemicals llc between fens and bogs, soil N richness does not necessarily differ, whereas the soil-water pH is distinctly lower in bogs than in fens. The ecophysiological mechanisms

underlying these relations are unclear. To assess the relative availability of N forms in relation to soil-water pH, we focused on the net N uptake rate per unit root weight (NNUR), glutamine synthetase activity and nitrate reductase activity, and performed reciprocal transplant experiments with the seedlings of fen (Carex lyngbyei) and bog (C. middendorffii) sedge species in intact habitat sites. The soil-water pH was clearly lower at the bog site, but the NH4 (+), NO3 (-) or dissolved organic-N concentrations did not differ between the fen and bog sites. The activity of both enzymes for inorganic-N assimilation did not differ among the sites and species. However, the fen species grown at bog sites showed a drastic decrease in the NNUR, suggesting a suppression of organic-N uptake. The bog species showed no NNUR difference between the sites. These results indicate that inorganic-N availability does not differ between the two habitats, but organic-N availability is lowered in a low-pH bog, particularly in the case of fen species.

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