Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to be one of the causes of

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are believed to be one of the causes of recurrent or chemoresistant ovarian cancer, and microRNAs are regulatory molecules newly implicated to control a variety of cellular processes, including CSCs. Therefore, we identified ovarian CSC-specific microRNAs and investigated their

clinicopathological implication in ovarian carcinomas.

Methods: We isolated ALDH1 (+) cell population using the Aldefluor assay, and examined the differential expression pattern of miRNAs between ALDH1 (+) and ALDH1 (-) cells using a high-throughput microRNA microarray. We further investigated the expression patterns of differentially expressed miRNAs in human ovarian cancer samples using LY2835219 the real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and analyzed their clinical impact in patients with ovarian cancer.

Results: We found that high ALDH1 expression was

associated with chemoresistance in in vitro and ex vivo samples (p = 0.024). We identified six miRNAs, including miR-23b, miR-27a, miR-27b, miR-346, miR-424, and miR-503, overexpressed in ALDH1 (+) cells, and they were significantly upregulated in chemoresistant ovarian cancer cells (1.4 similar to 3.5-fold) and tumor samples (2.8 similar to 5.5-fold) compared with chemosensitive group. Upregulation of ALDH1 (p = 0.019) and miR-503 (p = 0.033) correlated with high clinical stage, and upregulation of miR-27a was related with distant metastasis (p = 0.046) in patients with ovarian cancer.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that ALDH1 is a useful marker for enriching ovarian CSCs, and high expression of ALDH1 and its related miRNAs, particularly miR-23b, miR-27b, miR-424, and miR-503, are significantly implicated in chemoresistance

and tumor progression in ovarian cancer.”
“Objective: To investigate the relationship between both food intake and circadian rhythmicity and serum calcitonin in the same individuals.

Methods: Eighteen healthy subjects, 10 males and 8 females, aged 22 to 24 years, were recruited. Serum calcitonin level was measured three times: at buy Napabucasin 0800 after a 9-hour overnight fast, at 0900 postprandially, and at 1700 after another 9-hour fast. The same protocol was repeated once.

Results: The mean calcitonin levels (at 0800) were 3.92 pg/mL (SD, 2.5 pg/mL) on Day 1 and 3.52 pg/mL (SD, 2.1 pg/mL) on Day 2. Mean postprandial calcitonin (at 0900) was 9.46 pg/mL (SD, 8.6 pg/mL) on Day 1 and 9.91 pg/mL (SD, 6.9 pg/mL) on Day 2. Mean fasting calcitonin in the evening (at 1700) was 6.74 pg/mL (SD, 4.73 pg/mL) on Day 1 and 6.49 pg/mL (SD, 3.57 pg/mL) on Day 2. There was no significant difference in the mean calcitonin level on days 1 and 2 for any of the three time points examined. Statistically significant differences were found between postprandial and evening calcitonin levels and the fasting levels on Day 1 (P = .

Comments are closed.