These were calculated in order to compare our results to previous

These were calculated in order to compare our results to previous studies that have investigated the relationship between percent strength ratios and injury occurrences. Percent strength ratios were ranked for both the barefoot and

shod conditions from largest percentage to smallest. The largest percentage was ranked as a 1 with the smallest percentage ranked as an 8. During the basketball season, injuries were recorded (Table 1). An injury was defined as a lower extremity impairment that caused Regorafenib a functional limitation of play or caused the athlete to miss practice(s) or game(s). The University athletic trainers provided diagnosis and reporting of injuries. The university athletic trainers completed ranking of the athletes based on the severity of injuries that were sustained during the season. To maximize objectivity, injuries were first divided into ankle/foot complex injuries and all other lower extremity injuries. Ankle/foot complex injuries were ranked first and severity was based on the number of practices and games missed. After the ranking of all ankle/foot complex injuries all other lower extremity injuries

were ranked. Severity Trichostatin A research buy of lower extremity injuries was based on the total number of practices and games missed, as with the ankle/foot complex. An injury ranking of 1 would indicate the most severe injury and a ranking

of 8 would indicate no injuries. Peak torque, time to peak torque, and percent strength ratio were checked for normality using Shapiro–Wilk’s almost W test. Thus, mean difference between conditions was investigated by employing dependent t tests. The ranked difference between barefoot and shod conditions for inversion and eversion, time to peak torque as well as the ranked percent strength ratio for both conditions was correlated with injury ranking using a Spearman rho correlation (ρ). Based on the hypothesis, a positive relationship would be present. An individual with an injury ranking of 1 would have a large difference in torque or large percent strength ratio; whereas, an individual with an injury ranking of 8 would have a difference in torque near zero or a small percent strength ratio. Strengths of correlations were defined as follows: ±1.00 to 0.80 = very strong; ±0.79 to 0.60 = strong; ±0.59 to 0.40 = moderate; ±0.39 to 0.20 = weak; ±0.19 to 0 = no relationship. 22 All statistical analysis was done using SPSS 16.0 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA). The α level was set at 0.05. There were no significant differences in peak torque between barefoot and shod conditions for either inversion or eversion (Table 2). There was no significant difference in time to peak torque or eversion-to-inversion percent strength ratio between barefoot and shod conditions.

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