“The aim of this research was the selection of spermatozoa

“The aim of this research was the selection of spermatozoa parameters related to boar fertility performance and their combination into an in vitro index. A first set (data set 1) of 36 Pietrain boars with 138 ejaculates from two seasons with 5083 LY2090314 single-sire inseminations from 34 farms was used to determine correlations between in vitro sperm quality parameters and fertility performance. 2970 ejaculates representing a second set (data set 2) served calculation of seasonal and age effects on semen quality. Morphological spermatozoa parameters were estimated manually with a phase contrast microscope on the day of semen collection, whereas mitochondrial activity and viability were analyzed by double-staining with rhodamine123/propidium

iodide on day 2 of semen storage using flow cytometry. Sperm motility was tested on day 7 by thermoresistance (TRT) after 30 min (TRT1) and 300 min (TRT2) incubation at 38 degrees C using computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA).\n\nCorrelations revealed four independent sperm quality parameters qualifying as relevant predictors of boar fertility: (i) percentage of spermatozoa with proximal cytoplasmic droplets, (ii) percentage of spermatozoa with active mitochondria, (iii) beat cross frequency

of progressively motile spermatozoa in TRT1, and (iv) oscillation measure of the actual path of progressively motile spermatozoa in TRT2. There were no significant effects of sperm concentration, ejaculate volume, and total number of sperm cells MK-2206 concentration per ejaculate on litter size (LS) and on pregnancy rate (PR). Our findings suggest the usefulness of sperm quality parameters based on adjusted range of methods and enable the construction of an in BAY 80-6946 mouse vitro index as a means to predicting boar fertility. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Introduction Various functional residual capacity (FRC) repeatability criteria have

been proposed for lung clearance index (LCI) measurement by multiple breath washout (MBW). Adult guidelines recommend three technically acceptable tests with FRC values within 10%, whilst preschool guidelines recommend two such tests. Feasibility of and need for recommendations in children is unclear. Methods Retrospective analysis of MBW data was undertaken in healthy control (n=90) and cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects (n=108) encompassing infancy, pre-school and school age ranges. Feasibility of FRC repeatability recommendations was investigated in those with three technically acceptable tests. Validity of mean LCI from the first two tests alone (vs. all three) was investigated by comparing mean data and sensitivity to detect abnormal peripheral airway function in CF. Results LCI coefficient of variation (CoV) was related to FRC CoV (P<0.001) and disease category (P=0.002). Application of adult repeatability criteria decreased LCI CoV (4.7 vs. 8.5%, P<0.001), but had poor feasibility beyond infancy (62/150, 41%). Preschool recommendations increased feasibility but only to 70% overall.

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