\n\nResults: We found 1359 incident AF events in 100 074 person-years Selleckchem LY2603618 of follow-up. Unadjusted 5-year event rates differed by cohort (AGES, 12.8 cases/1000 person-years; CHS whites, 22.7 cases/1000 person-years; and FHS, 4.5 cases/1000 person-years) and by race (CHS African Americans, 18.4 cases/1000 person-years). The strongest risk factors in all samples were age and heart failure. The relative risks for incident AF associated with risk factors were comparable across cohorts and race groups. After recalibration for baseline incidence and risk factor distribution, the Framingham algorithm, reported in C statistic, performed reasonably well in all samples:
AGES, 0.67 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64-0.71); CHS whites, 0.68 (95% CI, 0.66-0.70); and CHS African Americans, 0.66 (95% CI, 0.61-0.71). Risk factors combined in
the algorithm explained between 47.0% (AGES) and 63.6% (FHS) of the population-attributable risk.\n\nConclusions: Risk of incident AF in community-dwelling whites and African Americans can be assessed reliably by routinely available and potentially modifiable clinical variables. Seven risk factors accounted for up to 64% of risk.”
“By means of a multicentre retrospective study based on the failure of 418 aseptic learn more unicondylar knee arthroplasties (UKA) our aims were to present the different types of revision procedure used in failed UKAs, to establish a clear operative strategy for each type of revision and to better define the indications for each type of revision.\n\nAseptic loosening was the principal cause of failure
(n = 184, 44 %) of which 99 cases were isolated tibial loosening (23.5 % of the whole series and 54 % of all loosening), 25 were isolated femoral loosening (six and 13.6 %) and 60 were both femoral and tibial loosening (14.3 and 32.6 %). The next most common causes of failure were progression of arthritis (n = 56, 13.4 %), polyethylene wear (n = 53, 12.7 %), implant positioning errors (n = 26), technical difficulties (n = six) and implant failure (n = 16, 3.8 % of cases). Data collection was performed online using OrthoWave PX-478 manufacturer (TM) software (Aria, Bruay Labuissiere, France), which allows collection of all details of the primary and revision surgery to be recorded.\n\nA total of 426 revisions were performed; 371 patients underwent revision to a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) (87 %), 33 patients (7.7 %) were revised to an ipsilateral UKA, 11 (2.6 %) patients underwent contralateral UKA (ten) or patellofemoral arthroplasty (one) and 11 patients (2.6 %) underwent revision without any change in implants.\n\nBefore considering a revision procedure it is important to establish a definite cause of failure in order to select the most appropriate revision strategy.