Lemons (Citrus limon, cv Limoneira 8A) were harvested in winter m

Lemons (Citrus limon, cv.Limoneira 8A) were harvested in winter months (June to August), treated with 0.43W m(-2) (22 kJ m(-2) d(-1) UV-BBE) of UV-B radiation during 0 (control), 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 5.0 min, and then stored at 25 degrees C for 24 h. Peel samples from irradiated areas were obtained with Protein Tyrosine Kinase inhibitor a razor blade and frozen in liquid nitrogen until use for measurements. Data obtained showed that 2 and 3 min of UV-B exposure effectively increased

the level of UV-B absorbing compounds and total phenolics in flavedo without causing visual alterations of the peel colour as compared with non-irradiated lemons. By contrast, there were no significant changes in albedo secondary metabolite accumulation. The amount of secondary metabolites was depending upon UV-B time-dose. Exposure over 3.0 min did not further improve the accumulation of UV-B absorbing and phenolic compounds. Soluble sugars (sucrose, glucose and fructose) also accumulated in the lemon peel after UV-B exposure, but the distribution patterns were different. After

3 min time-dose, sucrose and hexoses increased in flavedo, whereas in albedo only increased the sucrose and glucose. This effect was related to UVB-induced changes in the activity of sucrose-hydrolyzing and sucrose-synthesizing β-Nicotinamide enzymes: soluble and cell-bound invertase, sucrose synthase (SS) and sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS). Data indicate that lemon peel retains the capacity to modify the enzyme activity of sucrose metabolism in response to UV-B exposure. Our results also suggest that the exposure of postharvest lemons to low supplemental UV-B doses produces changes see more in the carbon allocation of peel tissues including synthesis, but probably not only limited to them, of UV-B absorbing and phenolic compounds. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Nodular hidradenoma or clear cell hidradenoma is a rare skin adenexal tumor which arises from eccrine sweat glands. Skin adenexal tumors situated in the breast parenchyma are still very

rare and is one of the differential diagnoses of breast tumors. Failure to identify its morphologic features may lead to a mistaken diagnosis and over treatment. We report a case of breast lump, in a 40-year-old lady, which was diagnosed clinically as a malignant breast lump. Final diagnosis of nodular hidradenoma was made only after excision biopsy as. ne needle aspiration cytology was inconclusive.”
“Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is rare in the chest wall, particularly in patients who have undergone radiotherapy for primary nasopharyngeal cancer. In the present study, a case of MFH of the upper chest wall that appeared four years after initial radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx is reported.

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