By “reaction” we understand the whole class of voluntary and involuntary reflexes … in which … the affects are discharged. If this reaction takes place to a sufficient amount a large part of the affect disappears as a result. … If a reaction is suppressed [the affect] stays attached to the memory. The injured person’s reaction to the trauma only exercises a complete “cathartic” Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical effect if it is an adequate reaction – as, for instance, revenge… . Abreaction, however, is not the only method of dealing with the situation that is open to a normal person who has this website experienced a psychical trauma. But language serves as a substitute for action: with its help, an affect can be “abreacted” almost as effectively. … If
there is no such reaction, in either deeds or words, any recollection of the event retains its affective tone. … A memory of such a trauma, even if it has not been abreacted, enters the great complex of associations, it comes alongside other experiences, which Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical may contradict it, and
is subjected to rectification by other ideas. … In this way a normal person is able to bring about the disappearance of the accompanying affect through the process of association It may therefore be said that the. ideas which have become pathological have persisted with such freshness and affective strength Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical because they have been denied the normal wearing-away processes by means of abreaction and. reproduction in states of uninhibited association (italicized Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical in original). We have become convinced that the splitting of consciousness … under the form of “double
conscience” is present to a rudimentary degree in every hysteria and that a tendency to dissociation, and with it, the contain emergence of abnormal states of consciousness, is the basic phenomenon of this neurosis … in this view we concur with Janet … we must, however, mention another remarkable fact … Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical namely, that these memories, unlike the memories of the rest of their lives, are not at the patients’ disposal. On the contrary these experiences are completely absent from the patient’s memory when they are in a normal psychical state, or are only present in a highly summary form ….( 1893, pp 7-11).26 Over time, Freud Dacomitinib came to disbelieve the reality of his patients’ tales of trauma. In his Autobiographical Study (1925),27 he wrote: I believed these stories and consequently supposed that I had discovered the roots of the subsequent neurosis… . If the reader feels inclined to shake his head at my credulity, I cannot altogether blame him. I was at last obliged to recognize that these scenes of seduction had never taken place, and that they were only fantasies which my patients had made up (p 34 ).27 However, like Janet before him, Freud kept being fascinated with the issue of patients’ apparent compulsion to arrange their lives in such a way that they would repeat their trauma over and over again.