“Background. Patients with a history of previous malignancy are often encountered in a discussion of buy Tubastatin A surgical resection of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The outcome of patients with 2 or more previous cancers remains unknown.\n\nMethods. We performed a retrospective study including all patients undergoing resection for NSCLC from January 1980 to December
2009 at 2 French centers. We then compared the survival of patients without a history of another cancer (group 1), those with a history of a single malignancy (group 2), and those with a history of 2 or more previous malignancies (group 3).\n\nResults. There were 5,846 patients: 4,603 (78%) in group 1, 1,147 (20%) in group 2, and 96 (2%) in group 3. The proportion of patients included in group 3 increased from 0.3% to 3% over 3 decades. Compared with groups 1 and 2, group 3 was associated with older age, a larger proportion of women, earlier tumor stage, less induction therapy, and fewer pneumonectomies. Despite this, postoperative complications and mortality were similar in groups 2 and 3, and higher than in group 1. Five-year survival rates were 44.6%, 35.1%, and 23.6% in groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (p < 0.000001 for comparison between 3 groups; p = 0.18 for comparison between groups 2 and 3). In multivariate analysis, male sex, higher T stage,
higher N stage, incomplete resection, and study group were significant predictors of adverse prognosis.\n\nConclusions. Despite earlier diagnosis and acceptable long-term survival, patients operated on for NSCLC after 2 or 3 previous malignancies selleck chemical carried a worse prognosis than did those undergoing operation after 1 malignancy or if there was no previous diagnosis of cancer. (Ann Thorac Surg 2013;95:1000-5) (C) 2013 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons”
“The success of helminth parasites is partly related to their ability to modulate host immune responses towards an anti-inflammatory/regulatory phenotype. This ability resides with the molecules contained in the secretome of various helminths that have been shown to interact with host immune
cells and influence their function. Consequently, there exists a unique opportunity to exploit these molecules for the prophylactic and LBH589 inhibitor therapeutic treatment of human pro- and auto-inflammatory disorders (for example septic shock, transplant rejection and autoimmune disease). In this review, we describe the mechanisms used by the trematode parasite, Fasciola hepatica, to modulate the immune responses of its host and discuss the potent immune-modulatory effects of three individual molecules within the secretome; namely cathepsin L1, peroxiredoxin and helminth defence molecule. With a focus on the requirements from industry, we discuss the strategies by which these molecules may be clinically developed to control human immune responses in a way that is conducive to the prevention of immune-mediated diseases. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.