Anatomic-functional correlations in high myopic foveoschisis are not yet well clarified. Posterior pole retinal detachment and macular hole are the most serious complications. (C) 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Escherichia coli O25b-B2-ST131 are considered virulent extra-intestinal pathogens ON-01910 Cell Cycle inhibitor causing serious clinical complications such as urinary tract infection and bacteraemia. Our main objectives in this study were to characterise
the multi-drug resistant (MDR) isolates of this lineage in Kuwait, and to demonstrate whether reduced susceptibility is spread clonally. Results: A subset of 83 (10%) non-duplicate and non-selective E. coli O25b-B2-ST131 out of 832 MDR E. coli was identified and collected. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of the isolates were determined and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was used for typing. The majority (95.2%) of the 83 E. coli O25b-B2-ST131 harboured at least one bla gene with blaC(TX-M-15)
check details being the most prevalent. bla(CTX-M-2) was present in one isolate. Also one isolate harboured bla(CTX-M-56), qnrB1 and bla(CMY-2) genes and carried IncF1 plasmids of about 97 kb and160 kb. qnrB and qnrS were found in 8 other bla(CTX-M-15) containing isolates. The bla(NDM), bla(IMP), bla(VIM) and qnrA were not detected, however, the bla(OXA-48) was present in two (2.4%). Conclusions: The majority of isolates harbouring qnr genes demonstrated relatedness ( bigger than = 85%) by PFGE. However, the diversity in PFGE profiles for the other MDR isolates
reflected the changes in population genetics of E. coli O25b-B2-ST131. We identified for the first time the appearance of bla(CTX-M-2) in the Middle East and bla(CTX-M-56) outside the Latin American countries. The isolate harbouring bla(CTX-M-56) also contained qnrB1 and bla(CMY-2) genes and carried IncF1 plasmids. The appearance of a highly virulent E. coli O25b-ST131 that is resistant to penicillins, most cephalosproins, beta-lactamase inhibitors as well as fluoroquinolones is a cause for concern.”
“Purpose: Adequate levels of physical activity are essential for health, but participation in sports and recreational physical activities is associated with an increased risk of injury. The present study quantifies the impact of sports- and recreation-related injuries (SRIs) for middle and high DMXAA school-aged Kentucky children. Methods: The study describes unintentional injuries in 2010-2012 Kentucky emergency department (ED) administrative records for patients age 10-18 years. SRIs were identified based on external codes of injuries, according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification. Results: A total of 163,252 ED visits by 10- to 18-year olds occurred during the study period, of which 31,898 (20%) were related to participation in physical activity. Males accounted for 70% of the SRIs.